The time period from 1896 until the Japanese annexation of Korea in 1910 was an embryonic time for magazines. Magazines during this time were published mostly by associations and societies, such as religious ones. By publishing these magazines, associations were able to introduce new trends and culture, which played an important role in the “enlightenment” and “civilization” of the Korean people. For example, after about 1905, inTELectuals from the same hometown began to organize into associations to publish what became known as scholarly journals. These journals were a new channel for expression and quickly became the epicenter of inTELectual discussions in Korea.